Mosquito Facts

Mosquitos are insects which make up the family Culicidae. They have a pair of scaled wings, a pair of halteres, a slender body and long legs. The females of most mosquito species suck blood from other animals making them the most deadly disease vector.

Anopheles gambiae

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The mosquitos are insects which make up the family Culicidae.  They have a pair of scaled wings, a pair of halteres, a slender body and long legs.  The females of most mosquitoe species suck blood from other animals which has made them the most deadly disease vectors known to man, killing millions of people over thousands of years and continuing to kill millions per year by the spread of diseases.

Length varies but is rarely greater than 16mm.  A mosquito can fly for 1 to 4 hours continuously at up to 1-2 km/h travelling up to 10 km in a night.  Most species are nocturnal or crepuscular (dawn or evening) feeders.  During the heat of the day most mosquitos rest in a cool place and wait for the evenings.  They may still bite if disturbed.

A screened mosquito-proof room or house is one of the best and safest ways to sleep and still get ventilation for cooling.  Mosquitoe netting if properly used and maintained, provides the maximum possible personal protection against bitting insects.  When not in use, mosquitoe nets are compact and light weight.  They can be used under almost any conditions to provide reliable protection against a wide range of biting insects. 

One of the best treatments of mosquito repellents is N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide, commonly known as DEET.  IT has been used widely since its invention by the US Department of Agriculture.  It is safe to use as directed and should be removed by soap and water after use.  DEET products have been widely used for many years but these products have occasionally been associated with some adverse reactions.